Integrasi Integritas dan Lingkungan Sosial untuk Membentuk Reputasi: Analisis Sastra Hikmat Amsal 22:1-2

Farel Yosua Sualang, Eden Edelyn Easter

Abstract


This article describes the integration of integrity and the social environment that shapes a person's reputation based on the study of Proverbs 22:1-2, which uses the research method of wisdom literature analysis with 4 (four) interpretations, namely: literal interpretation, context, structure and figures of speech. This study aims to discover a concept and a sustainable application of integrity and the social environment to one's reputation. Even so, many interpreters (such as Solomon Olusola Ademiluka, Kathrine J. Dell and Allen P. Ross, and others) only emphasized a one-way process from reputation to social environment. However, reputation is not a single concept but departs from the factor of integrity and the social environment in its use of Proverbs 22:1-2. This process is based on the author's explanation of the factors of integrity (Integrity towards Personality, Integrity towards Emotional Intelligence) and social environmental factors (Social Environment towards Social Relations and Social Environment towards Generosity) which are interrelated with one another.

Artikel ini menjelaskan mengenai integrasi integritas dan lingkungan sosial yang membentuk reputasi seseorang berdasarkan studi Amsal 22:1-2, yang mana menggunakan metode penelitian analisis sastra hikmat dengan 4 (empat) penafsiran, yaitu: penafsiran literal, konteks, struktur dan kiasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan suatu konsep dan penerapan secara berkelanjutan terhadap integrasi integritas dan lingkungan sosial terhadap reputasi seseorang. Sekalipun banyak penafsir (seperti: Solomon Olusola Ademiluka, Kathrine J. Dell dan Allen P. Ross dan lain-lain) hanya menekankan suatu proses searah dari reputasi kepada lingkungan sosial. Namun, reputasi bukan sebuah konsep tunggal, melainkan berangkat dari faktor integritas dan lingkungan sosial dalam penggunaannya Amsal 22:1-2. Proses ini didasarkan kepada penjelasan penulis mengenai faktor integritas (Integritas ke arah Kepribadian, Integritas ke arah Kecerdasan Emosional) dan faktor lingkungan sosial (Lingkungan Sosial ke arah Relasi Sosial dan Lingkungan Sosial ke arah Murah Hati) yang saling berkaitan satu dengan lainnya.


Keywords


Kitab Amsal; integrasi; integritas; lingkungan sosial, reputasi.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alden,Robert L. Tafsiran Praktis Kitab Amsal: Ajaran untuk Memiliki Kehidupan Teratur dan Bahagia . Malang: Literatur SAAT, 2011.

Ademiluka, Solomon Olusola. “Interpreting Proverbs 22:1 in Light of Attitude to Money in African Perspective.” Old Testament Essays 31, no. 1 (2018): 181. https://doi.org/10.17159/2312-3621/2018/v31n1a9.

Anderson, Cameron, and Aiwa Shirako. “Are Individuals’ Reputations Related to Their History of Behavior?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94, no. 2 (2008): 320–33. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.94.2.320.

Audi, Robert, and Patrick E. Murphy. “The Many Faces of Integrity.” Business Ethics Quarterly, 2006. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq20061615.

Bakir, R. Suyoto Sigit Suryanto. Kamus Lengkap Bahasa Indonesia. Batam: Karisma Publishing Group, 2006.

Berkowitz, Marvin W., and Melinda C. Bier. “Research Based Character Education.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716203260082.

Brownlee, Malcolm. Pengambilan Keputusan Etis dan Faktor-Faktor di Dalamnya. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2002.

Bruce C. Birch. Bruce C. Walter.B, Terrance E.F, David, L.P . A Theological Introduction to the Old Testament, edisi ke 2.Nashville: Abingdon, 2005.

Bland, Dave. Proverbs and the Formation of Character. Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2015.

Brown, Francis. S. R. Driver, dan Charles A. Briggs Hebrew and Lexicon with an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramic. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980.

Bullinger, E.W. Figures of Speech used in the Bible. Michigan: Baker Book Company, 1968.

Calhoun, Cheshire. “Standing for Something.” Journal of Philosophy, 1995. https://doi.org/10.2307/2940917.

Camp, Claudia V. “Proverbs and the Problems of the Moral Self.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 40, no. 1 (2015): 25–42. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309089215605785.

R. E. Clements, R. E. “Wisdom and Old Testament Theology,” in Wisdom in Ancient Is-Rael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Clifford, Richard J. “Reading Proverbs 10–22.” Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63, no. 3 (2009): 248–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/002096430906300303.

———. “Reading Proverbs 10–22.” Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63, no. 3 (2009): 242–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/002096430906300303.

___. “Your Attention Please! Heeding the Proverbs.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1177/030908920402900203.

___. The Wisdom Literature. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998.

Dell, Katharine J. “Wisdom and Folly in the City: Exploring Urban Contexts in the Book of Proverbs.” Scottish Journal of Theology 69, no. 4 (2016): 389–401. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0036930616000375.

______. The Book of Proverbs in Social and Theological Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Domeris W.R. Old Testament Essays. South Africa: Old Testament Society of South Africa (OTSSA), 1995.

Fox, Michael. Proverbs 10-31: A New Translation With Introduction And Commentary. New Haven: Yale University, 2009.

Garrett, Duane A. The New American Commentary:An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993.

Goering, Greg Schmidt. “Poetic Ethics in Proverbs: Wisdom Literature and the Shaping of the Moral Self by Anne W. Stewart.” The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 80, no. 1 (2018): 127–29. https://doi.org/10.1353/cbq.2018.0014.

GP, Harianto. Komunikasi dalam Pemberitaan Injil. Jakarta: ANDI Offset, 2012.

Heim, Knut M. “Prov 26 : 1-12 : A Crash Course on the Hermeneutics of Proverb Reception and a Case Study in Proverb Performance Response Author ( s ): Knut Heim Source : Die Welt Des Orients , Bd . 40 , H . 1 ( 2010 ), Pp . 34-53 Published by : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (.” Die Welt Des Oriensts 1, no. 2010 (2010): 34–53.

Hildebrandt, Ted. “Motivation and Antithetic Parallelism in Proverbs 10-15.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 35, no. 4 (1992): 433–44.

Ivcevic, Zorana, Marc A. Brackett, and John D. Mayer. “Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Creativity.” Journal of Personality, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00437.x.

Kant, Immanuel. The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant: Practical Philosophy. terj. Mary J. Gregor. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1999.

Kichiro Yuasa. “A Classification of the Solomonic Proverbs.” The Old and New Testament Student 13, no. 3 (2014): 147–53. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3157285.

Klein,William W. Craig Blomberg, dan Robert L. Hubbard. Introduction to Biblical Interpretation 2. Malang: Literatur SAAT, 2013.

Koch, Klaus. “Is There a Doctrine of Retribution in the Old Testament?,” in Theodicy in the Old Testament, ed. James L. Crenshaw, terj. T. H. Trapp, Issues in Religion and Theology 4. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.

Lickona, Thomas. Educating for character – How our schools can teach respect and responsibility. New York: Bantam Book, 1991.

Longman III, Tremper. Making Sense of the Old Testament. Malang: Literatur SAAT, 2012.

McFerran, Brent, Karl Aquino, and Michelle Duffy. “How Personality and Moral Identity Relate to Individuals’ Ethical Ideology.” Business Ethics Quarterly, 2010. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq20102014.

McKane, William. Proverbs: A New Approach. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970.

McKinnon, Christine. Character, Virtue Theories, and the Vices. Ontario, Canada: Broadview Press, 1999.

Meynet, Roland. Rethorical Analysis: An Introduction to Biblical Rhetoric. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.

Murphy, Roland E. The Wisdom Literature. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co, 1983.

______. Word Biblical Commentary-Volume 22- Proverbs. Colombia: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1998.

Newsom, Carol A. “Models of the Moral Self: Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Judaism.” Journal of Biblical Literature, 2012. https://doi.org/10.2307/23488209.

Oda, Ryo, Yuki Niwa, Atsushi Honma, and Kai Hiraishi. “An Eye-like Painting Enhances the Expectation of a Good Reputation.” Evolution and Human Behavior, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2010.11.002.

Osborne, Grant. Spiral Hermeneutika: Pengantar Komprehensif bagi Penafsiran Alkitab. Surabaya: Momentum, 2012.

Owen, W. Stuart. P.A. Grist, R. Dowling, Kamus Lambang dan Kiasan Dalam Alkitab. Jakarta: Yayasan Komunikasi Bina Kasih, 2014.

Owens, John J. Analytical Key to the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000.

Pauw, Amy Platinga. Proverbs and Ecclesiastes: a theological commentary on the bible. Kentucky: Wesminster John Knox Press, 2015.

Pedersen, Johannes. Israel: Its Life and Culture. London: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Pitt-Rivers, Julian A. “Honour and Social Status,” in Honour and Shame: The Values of Mediterranean Society, editor John G. Peristiany, Nature of Human Society Series. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966.

Reed, Carl A. Diktat kuliah: Eksposisi kitab Yesaya; Puisi Kitab Dalam Perjanjian Lama, Sem. II, 2015.

Ross, Allen P.“Proverbs” in The Expositors Bible Commentary: Proverbs-Isaiah Ed. Tremper Longman III & David E. Garland. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008.

Rowley, Harold H. The Literature of the Old Testament, in Peake’s Commentary on the Bible, ed. Harold H. Rowley dan Matthew Black. Wokingham: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982.

Ryken, Leland. James C. Wilhoit, Tremper Longman III, Kamus Gambaran Alkitab. Surabaya: Momentum, 2011.

Sandoval, Timothy J.The Discourse of Wealth and Poverty in the Book of Proverbs, Biblical Interpretation Series 77. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2006.

Sandy, D Brent, Ronald L. Giese, Jr. Cracking Old Testament Codes: A Guide Interpreting the Literary Genres of the Old Testament. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995.

Saparman. Belajar Alkitab. Yogyakarta: STII Press, 2007.

Scott, R. B. Y. Proverbs-Ecclesiastes Introduction: Translation and Notes. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1965.

Sinulingga, Risnawaty. Tafsiran Alkitab: Amsal 10:1-22:16. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2012.

Sneed, Mark R. The Social World of the Sages: An Introduction to Israelite and Jewish Wisdom Literature. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2015.

Stewart, Anne W. Poetic Ethics in Proverbs: Wisdom Literature and the Shaping of the Moral Self. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Stiebert, Johanna. “The Inculcation of Social Behaviour in Proverbs.” Old Testament Essays 2, no. 17 (2004): 282–93.

Stuart, Douglas, Gordon D. Fee, Hermeneutik-Menafsirkan Firman Tuhan Dengan Tepat. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2011.

Sualang, Farel Yosua. “Prinsip-Prinsip Hermeneutika Genre Hikmat Dalam Kitab Amsal: Suatu Pedoman Eksegesis.” Jurnal PISTIS 1, no. Old Testament, Genre of Wisdom, Hermeneutics (2019): 93–112. https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/xmk6h.

Waltke, Bruce K. The Book of Proverbs: Chapter 16-31. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publication, 2009.

Walton, Douglas. Character Evidence, An Abductive Theory. Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and Related Methodology, 2011.

Wright, Benjamin G. “Praise Israel for Wisdom and Instruction: Essays on Ben Sira and Wisdom, the Letter of Aristeas and the Septuagint.” Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism, 2008.

Whybray, R. N. The Cambridge Bible Commentary: The Book of Proverbs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.

_______. Wealth And Proverty In The Book of Proverbs. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1990.

Zaluchu, Sonny Eli. “Pola Hermenetik Sastra Hikmat Orang Ibrani.” Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili Dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat 3, no. 1 (2019): 21. https://doi.org/10.46445/ejti.v3i1.123.

Zuck, Roy B. Hermeneutik: Basic Bible Interpretation. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2014.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.46817/huperetes.v2i1.46

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 HUPERETES: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Diterbitkan oleh:

Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Kalimantan, Jalan Gajah Mada 50 Pontianak - Kalimantan Barat.  Email: office@sttkalimantan.ac.id

HUPERETES telah diindeks pada: 

              

 

View HUPERETES Stats